"Ukuhambisa ngenqanawa kunzima" kunempembelelo ngexesha lokuthunyelwa kwenqanawa!

Ukuhanjiswa kweenqanawa kube nzima kakhulu ngexesha leKrisimesi.

UGao Feng wabonisa ukuba ngoJuni ukuya ku-Agasti lixesha eliphakamileyo lokuthunyelwa kwempahla yeKrisimesi, kodwa kulo nyaka, ngokuqwalasela umngcipheko wokulibaziseka kokuthunyelwa, abathengi bamazwe angaphandle ngokubanzi babeka ii-odolo kwangaphambili ngokujonga iimpahla kwi-intanethi kunye nokusayina imiyalelo.Eminye imiyalelo ithunyelwe kwaye eziswe ngaphambili kunakwiminyaka edlulileyo, kwaye ezinye iiodolo zigcinwa kwiindawo zokugcina iimpahla zasekhaya ngenxa yobunzima kwindawo yokubhukisha okanye imithwalo ephezulu, nto leyo izisa uxinzelelo ekusebenzeni kwamashishini.

Amanye amashishini arhweba kwamanye amazwe athi ngenxa yokunyuka kwamaxabiso kunye nokuxinana kweempahla zamazwe ngamazwe, izigidi zemithi yeKrismesi ayikwazi ukuhamba kwangethuba ukuya phesheya kweelwandle.Amashishini athumela kumazwe angaphandle amalunga ne-150 lezigidi zeeyuan kufuneka achithe izigidi ezi-2 zeeyuan ukuqesha indawo yokugcina impahla eyi-10,000-square-metres yokupakisha imithi yeKrisimesi.

Kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba kwiminyaka edlulileyo, ii-odolo zonyaka wonke bezifumaneka kuphela ekupheleni kukaMeyi, kodwa kulo nyaka zigqithiselwe kuMatshi. Ngokohlalutyo lwabasebenzi, izizathu zokuba abathengi bafake ii-odolo ekuqaleni kwalo nyaka. ayizoodolo kuphela ebezilindile kunyaka ophelileyo ngenxa yobhubhani, kodwa nokunyuka kweendleko zothutho kunye nomjikelo wokuhamba ngenqanawa ixesha elide ngenxa yokuxinana kolungiselelo lolungiselelo lwamazwe ngamazwe.Njengempahla ethatha ixesha, abathengi bakholelwa ukuba kufuneka bafake iiodolo kwangethuba kwaye ngokukhawuleza bezifumana iimpahla, i-inshurensi iya kuba ngcono.

Njengoko amazibuko kuwo onke amazwekazi ejongene nokuphazamiseka kokusebenza, ngaphezulu kwe-362 abathwali abakhulu baye bavaleleka ngaphandle kwamazibuko ukusuka ngo-Agasti 24, ngokutsho kweqonga lokuthumela ibhokisi le-Seaexplorer. NgoMeyi, amaxesha okulinda iinqanawa zeenqanawa ziye zaphinda kabini ukusukela ngo-2019, ngokutsho. ukuya kwidatha yokusebenza kwezibuko le-IHS Markit, kunye nokuwohloka okukhulu kakhulu kuMntla Melika, apho iinqanawa zichithe umndilili weeyure ezingama-33 kwiankile ngoMeyi ka-2021, ukusuka kumndilili weeyure ezisibhozo nje ngoMeyi 2019. Uqikelelo olutsha oluvela kwi-National Retail Federation. ibonisa inani lerekhodi leekhonteyina ezingena kuMntla Melika ngo-Agasti, ngokwesiqhelo eyona nyanga ixakekileyo yokuthumela ngenqanawa, kwaye ingxinano yeekhonteyina iya kuqhubeka ukondla ukuya kumaxabiso enqanawa.

Ngokumalunga neetoni, imfuno yokuthumela ngenqanawa kwihlabathi yehle malunga neepesenti ezi-3.4 ngo-2020 xa kuthelekiswa no-2019, ngelixa iziqulathi zehle nge-0.7 yeepesenti, uJia Dashan, usekela mlawuli weZiko loPhando lwezoThutho lwaManzi phantsi koMphathiswa wezoThutho, uthe kwintetho yezoqoqosho yenyanga nenyanga. "I-International Logistics and Shipping Situation" ebanjwe kwiZiko lezoQoqosho leSizwe ngo-Agasti 25.Imfuno ye-Global seaborne kulindeleke ukuba ikhule nge-4.4% ngo-2021, ngelixa imfuno ye-container kulindeleke ukuba ikhule ngaphezu kwe-5%. yeenqanawa zolwandle zehlabathi ziya kukhula nge-4.1% ngo-2020 xa kuthelekiswa nowama-2019, kwaye kulindeleke ukuba zikhule nge-3% ngo-2021.

Wabonisa ukuba xa kuthelekiswa no-2019, imfuno yokuthumela ngenqanawa yehlabathi kulindeleke ukuba ikhule nge-1% kulo nyaka, ukukhula kweekhonteyina nge-5%, kunye nokukhula komthamo kunye ne-container nge-7.1% kunye ne-7.4% ngokulandelanayo.Ubungakanani beenqanawa xa bubonke bukhawuleza kunokukhula komthamo, kodwa amaxabiso omthwalo anyuke kakhulu. Ngokombono wakhe, ukurenta iinqanawa zeenqanawa, iindleko zabahambi ngolwandle, imirhumo yaphakathi kunye namaxabiso e-oyile zonke zibe negalelo ekunyukeni kweendleko zokuthumela ngenqanawa.

Idatha ibonisa ukuba ixabiso lokuthumela i-container standard ye-40-foot kwindlela yaseMpuma ukusuka e-China ukuya e-United States idlule i-20,000 yeedola, iphindwe kahlanu ngonyaka.I-index ye-transport ye-container yase-Shanghai, emele amaxabiso eendawo kwaye yakhululwa ngo-Agasti. I-27, iqhubekile nokubetha irekhodi eliphezulu kwi-4, i-385.62 amanqaku, ngaphezu kwamaxesha amane ukusuka kunyaka odlulileyo.

Ngokombono, ingcambu yesizathu sokunqongophala kwamandla kukungasebenzi kakuhle kwezothutho ezibangelwa ukuvalwa kwezibuko kunye nokunqongophala kwabaselwandle.Okwangoku, ixesha eliqhelekileyo lokucinywa kwe-port yi-3-5 iintsuku kwizibuko zaseYurophu, iintsuku ze-10-12 eNtshona. kumazibuko ase-United States, kwaye malunga neentsuku ezi-7 kumazibuko asempuma e-United States.Kutshanje, izibuko laseYantian, izibuko laseNingbo kunye namanye amazibuko aseAsia nawo avaliwe.